The rules affecting what happens to Chapter 13 debtor’s tax refunds while they are in bankruptcy differ depending on where the case is filed. These rules are generally set out in the local rules of the court or a general order. In the Eastern District of Texas, the Chapter 13 Trustee will allow a debtor […]
BANKRUPTCY: CREDIT COUNSELING AND DEBTOR EDUCATION
The Bankruptcy Code requires that all individuals filing bankruptcy receive credit counseling before their case is filed. Credit counseling must be provided by an agency approved by the Department of Justice’s U.S. Trustee Program. These agencies will charge a fee of around $50. Upon completion of the course, debtors receive a certificate of completion. This […]
BANKRUPTCY: CROSS-COLLATERALIZATION AND CREDIT UNIONS
In bankruptcy, debtors often wish to discharge their unsecured debt but keep their secured collateral. This is generally allowed in bankruptcy, but a practice commonly employed by credit unions makes this process more complicated and often more expensive. The reason is because credit unions often include cross-collateralization clauses in their loan documents. Cross-collateralization means that […]
BANKRUPTCY: WHAT IS A 341 MEETING?
A 341 meeting, also known as a creditor’s meeting, is presided over by the United States Trustee, and allows creditors and the trustee an opportunity to question debtors about the schedules and statements filed in their bankruptcy case. This meeting is required under 11 U.S.C. § 341 of the Bankruptcy Code, hence the name. Creditors […]
CAN I PAY TITHING TO MY CHURCH WHILE IN BANKRUPTCY?
Sections 707(b)(2) and 1325(b) of The Bankruptcy Code provide that debtors in bankruptcy may list tithing and other charitable contributions as a deduction when determining eligibility to file Chapter 7 bankruptcy and when calculating a Chapter 13 plan payment. Not all charitable contributions can be treated as a valid deduction. Charitable contributions must be paid […]